Spatial analysis involves the development of insights from geometric and geographic relations between things in a dataset, such as different types of spaces.
For example, for a green space audit, I analysed the distribution of different types of green spaces and their respective accessibility using distance measures for different green space types. It also involved the analysis of green space availability in terms of quantity in relation to IMD ranks for different wards. Each analysis resulted in a well-designed map that presented the results.
My tool of choice is QGIS.